Publications

Showing 36-47 of 239 publications

What Explains the Recent Calls for Reinstatement of a Tax Considered Unpopular? An Analysis of Graduated Tax in Uganda

David Bakibinga, Jalia Kangave & Dan Ngabirano

Successful decentralisation relies heavily on the ability of subnational government to generate its own revenue. In many African countries, subnational government is authorised to collect a variety of taxes and user fees including trade licensing taxes, property taxes, market fees, garbage collection fees and road user fees. With the exception of property taxes, which have…

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Regulatory Burdens in Tax Administration and Firms’ Compliance Costs in Africa

Merima Ali

This paper examines the effect of regulatory burdens related to tax administration on firms’ compliance costs in Africa. Using cross-country firm-level data, the results show that regulatory burdens related to tax administration significantly increase firms’ compliance costs compared to burdens related to other kinds of government regulations. The results further show that firms’ relationships with…

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Building support for taxation in developing countries: Experimental evidence from Mexico

Drawing on insights from the literature on institutional design—how rules shape behavior to achieve desired outcomes—this article examines how certain design features of taxes—such as allowing for civil society oversight, earmark mechanisms that direct tax revenue for a specific purpose, and sunset provisions that make the duration of taxes finite—affect political support for tax reforms….

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What is the Role of Taxpayer Education in Africa?

Giulia Mascagni & Fabrizio Santoro

The ICTD’s African Tax Administration Papers (ATAPs) are research papers that will be of specific interest to people working in tax administration in Africa. This paper, the first in the new ATAP series, reviews existing initiatives on taxpayer education in Africa, an area that has been largely under-researched in the literature. We start by providing…

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March 2018

Forest Taxation and REDD+: An Analysis of Potential Impacts in Cameroon, Ghana and Sierra Leone

Stephen Spratt, Philip Kargbo, Emmanuel Marfo, Emmanuel Ngungoh & Sabaheta Ramcilovik-Suominen

This research explores the impacts that REDD+ could have on forest tax systems in three countries in sub-Saharan Africa, and considers how policy could be designed to increase the chances that these impacts are positive. To assess this, a methodological framework is identified and adapted. The framework has been used to explore how the implementation…

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March 2018

Subnational Value Added Tax in Ethiopia and Implications for States’ Fiscal Capacity

Wollela Abehodie Yesegat & Richard Krever

In most federal systems, state governments are funded through a combination of direct fiscal transfers from the central government, and the revenue they collect directly from locally adopted taxes. Ethiopia is a federal polity, but follows a slightly different path in the case of its most important tax source – value added tax (VAT). As…

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March 2018

Chapter 2: Poverty, Tax Competition, and Base Erosion

Michael C. Durst

This is Chapter 2 of the book “Taxing Multinational Business in Lower-Income Countries: A Problem of Economics, Politics and Ethical Norms”. In this installment, which is Chapter 2, the author examines the basic economic dilemma faced by lower-income countries with respect to the corporate tax and offers an historical overview of BEPS-style corporate tax planning.

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March 2018

Tax revenue mobilization in conflict-affected developing countries

Vanessa van den Boogaard, Wilson Prichard, Nikola Milicic & Matthew Benson

How does conflict affect tax revenue mobilization? This paper uses a newly updated dataset to explore longitudinal trends of tax revenue mobilization prior to, during, and after conflict periods in a selection of conflict-affected states since 1980. This medium-N trend analysis is complemented by prototypical case study analysis, which provides greater insight into the relationship…

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March 2018

Special Issue: Fiscal Policy, State Building and Economic Development

Edited by: Tony Addison, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa, Jukka Pirttilä

The latest issue of the Journal of International Development is a special issue on Fiscal Policy, State Building and Economic Development, which features work by ICTD researchers and partners. All the articles are open access. Introduction Fiscal Policy, State Building and Economic Development  Tony Addison, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa & Jukka Pirttilä This article presents a synopsis of…

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Property Taxation in Kampala, Uganda: An Analytic Case Study on a Successful Reform

Mihaly Kopanyi & Riël Franzsen

Kampala’s revenue reforms offer lessons that large and powerful cities should not wait for national actions, rather, they can do a lot “in-house” to improve tax administration, coverage, and collection. Against the rather poor performance of the property tax in Uganda, Kampala’s reforms have resulted in unprecedented increase of own-source revenues generally and the property…

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Semi-Autonomous Revenue Authorities in sub-Saharan Africa: Silver Bullet or White Elephant?

Roel Dom

A major component of tax administration reform in sub-Saharan Africa over the last thirty years has been the creation of semi-autonomous revenue authorities (SARAs). These operate at arm’s length from the ministry of finance, which is different to conventional tax administrations. They have an independent legal status, and usually integrate both customs and tax functions….

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Subnational Value Added Tax in Ethiopia and Implications for States’ Fiscal Capacity

Wollela Abehodie Yesegat & Richard Krever

Fiscal federalism comprises the distribution of functions and tax revenue sources between central and regional governments. Fiscal federalism issues in respect of value added tax (VAT) do not arise in unitary states; in federal states questions arise as to which level of government should levy the tax, and how revenue should be divided between central…

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