As the climate emergency worsens, our research aims to provide more evidence on what types of climate and environmental taxes are desirable for lower-income countries and how to make them successful. Environmental and climate taxes are receiving increasing attention, but the vast majority of existing research focuses on high-income countries, and especially on carbon taxes, on which much of the global debate is focused. However, there are many types of environmental taxes, ranging from forestry taxes to import tariffs on used cars. Some of them may be more feasible and attractive to lower-income countries given their specific economic, administrative and political circumstances and their limited historical responsibility for the current crisis. Our aim is to support shaping environmental tax policies contributing to revenue generation and a green economic transition.