VAT, as a consumption tax, can contribute huge amount of tax revenue. But it does not play this role in generating tax revenue in Ethiopia because of low VAT compliance. This can be due to inadequate commitment and capability of tax officials, weak enforcement, low awareness of tax payers, limited application of laws and complex procedures. Therefore, the researchers will use primary and secondary data to assess issues and challenges that affect VAT compliance in three federal tax branches. They will use descriptive method of analysis and based on the findings they will recommend mitigation strategy to enhance VAT compliance.