This project is a new collaboration between ICTD and WIEGO on a large-scale survey to study the taxes paid by informal workers in urban Accra. It seeks to explore the prevalence and gendered nature of informal taxation in Accra, Ghana, while also addressing the scarcity of systematic data on these issues through novel data collection that relies on a mixed methods approach, close local partnerships and a new sampling frame.


Max Gallien

Max Gallien is a Research Fellow at the ICTD. His research specialises in the politics of informal and illegal economies, the political economy of the Middle East and North Africa and development politics. He completed his PhD at the London School of Economics. Max co-leads the informality and taxation programme with Vanessa, as well as the ICTD’s capacity building programme.

Vanessa van den Boogaard

Vanessa van den Boogaard is a Research Fellow at the ICTD and a Senior Research Associate at the Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy at the University of Toronto. She completed her PhD thesis on informal revenue generation and statebuilding in Sierra Leone, and has ongoing research on the topic in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Somalia. Vanessa leads the ICTD’s new programme on civil society engagement in tax reform and co-leads the research programme on informal taxation.