Showing 25 - 36 of 48 publications
July 2018

Taxing Africa: Coercion, Reform and Development

by Mick Moore, Wilson Prichard & Odd-Helge Fjeldstad

Taxing Africa is an accessible and comprehensive introduction to the crucial debates around taxation and development in Africa. The book offers a fascinating insight into the key issues facing policy makers, tax collectors, civil society activists and donors working to increase revenues to finance sustainable development in Africa. From the colonial roots of taxation on…

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November 2017

How Can Governments of Low-Income Countries Collect More Tax Revenue?

by Mick Moore & Wilson Prichard

It is widely believed that the governments of many low-income countries, and especially the relatively poor performers, should be aiming to increase the proportion of GDP they raise in tax revenue. There are risks in emphasising increasing revenue at the expense of other objectives. Governments also need to be concerned with questions of equity, efficiency,…

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February 2017

Private Wealth and Public Revenue in Latin America: Business Power and Tax Politics

by Tasha Fairfield

Inequality and taxation are fundamental problems of modern times. How and when can democracies tax economic elites? This book develops a theoretical framework that refines and integrates the classic concepts of business’s instrumental (political) power and structural (investment) power to explain the scope and fate of tax initiatives targeting economic elites in Latin America after…

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December 2016

Linking taxation and social protection: Evidence on redistribution and poverty reduction in Ethiopia

by Kalle Hirvonen, Giulia Mascagni & Keetie Roelen

The reduction of poverty, and more recently inequality, are pressing concerns in many low- and middle-income countries, not in the least as a result of the Sustainable Development Goals committing countries to significant improvements by 2030. Redistribution is important for reaching these goals, and is shaped by countries’ tax and welfare systems. Despite redistribution resulting…

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September 2016

Taxation and inequality in developing countries – Lessons from the recent experience of Latin America

by Bruno Martorano

This paper aims to advance understanding about the relationship between taxation and inequality in developing countries, focusing on the recent experience of Latin America. Although the tax system was regressive in the 1990s, tax changes promoted equality in the first decade of the 2000s. In particular, the increasing contribution of direct taxes with respect to…

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October 2016

Unlocking the Potential of Administrative Data in Africa: Tax Compliance and Progressivity in Rwanda

by Giulia Mascagni, Nara Monkam & Christopher Nell

This paper is the first in a series of three studies looking at tax compliance using administrative data from Rwanda. It discusses the use of administrative data for tax research – specifically anonymised taxpayers records, which have become increasingly available on the African continent. The paper starts by critically summarising the key advantages and disadvantages…

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The Corporate Tax Burden in Ethiopia: Evidence from Anonymised Tax Returns

by Giulia Mascagni & Andualem Mengistu

This ICTD Research in Brief is a two-page summary of ICTD Working Paper 48 by Giulia Mascagni and Andualem Mengistu. This series is aimed at policy makers, tax administrators, fellow researchers and anyone else who is big on interest and short on time. This paper looks at the challenge faced by many low income countries of increasing tax revenue dramatically while minimising distortions…

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Tax Revenue Performance and Vulnerability in Developing Countries

by Oliver Morrissey, Christian von Haldenwang, Armin von Schiller, Maksym Ivanyna & Ingo Bordon

This paper addresses vulnerability of revenue to external shocks using export composition to capture economic structure and differentiating countries according to income levels, resource endowments and political regimes. This gives a richer characterisation than previous studies. Lower income countries are vulnerable to shocks, especially in terms of trade (associated with the greatest revenue loss): democratic…

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Aid and Taxation in Ethiopia

by Giulia Mascagni

The relation between aid and taxation is largely contested in the literature. On the one hand, aid may act as a substitute for tax revenue and thus have a crowding-out effect. It can also have a detrimental effect on domestic tax institutions. On the other hand, it can promote and support tax mobilisation through policy…

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