Showing 1 - 12 of 30 publications
December 2021

Five Tenets for Consideration When Undertaking Property Tax Reform in Africa

by Astrid R.N. Haas, Justine Knebelmann & Colette Nyirakamana

The current COVID-19 pandemic and associated economic crisis have seen Africa fall into recession for the first time in over 25 years. This has strained already limited local government resources significantly. At the same time, the pandemic has highlighted the central role local governments play as frontline service providers and thus reignited the urgency of…

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April 2021

Taxing the Informal Economy is not a Silver Bullet for Financing Development – or the Covid-19 Recovery

by Max Gallien, Vanessa van den Boogaard & Mick Moore

This briefing explores the Covid-19 pandemic, which has raised twin challenges for public revenue around the world. Governments have undertaken huge expenses to finance medical responses and social protection programmes. At the same time, tax collection is decreasing as a consequence of both pandemic-related tax breaks and a dip in economic activity and trade. These…

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July 2020

What is ‘Offshore’? International Tax Evasion and Avoidance and How to Combat it

by Sol Picciotto

This briefing aims to explain the ‘offshore’ system which enables both evasion and avoidance of tax, as well as of other types of laws and regulations, and discusses countermeasures. All illicit cross-border financial flows exploit the offshore system, so understanding how it works is the key to ensuring effective and coherent countermeasures, in relation to…

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May 2020

De-Linking Tobacco Taxation and Illicit Trade in Africa

by Max Gallien

Smoking tobacco has been much less common traditionally in Africa than in Europe or North America. But this is changing. As Africa has become a growth market for the tobacco industry, adverse health effects are increasingly visible. While increasing tobacco taxation has been shown as the most effective policy tool in curbing tobacco consumption, many…

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March 2020

Mining Taxation in Africa: What Recent Evolution in 2018?

by Yannick Bouterige, Céline de Quatrebarbes & Bertrand Laporte

The extractive sector is of primary importance to African states. Of the 54 countries on the continent, 20 are considered by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to be rich in natural resources. These are countries whose natural resources account for more than 25 per cent of total exports. All are sub-Saharan African countries: seven export…

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January 2020

Corporate Tax Negotiations at the OECD: What’s at Stake for Developing Countries in 2020?

by Martin Hearson

We could be in the midst of the biggest change to the way multinational companies are taxed in decades. In January 2019, over 130 developed and developing countries committed to ‘go beyond’ some of the fundamental principles that have underpinned cooperation on corporate taxation for a century (OECD 2019a). They opened negotiations to redistribute ‘taxing…

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November 2019

Simplifying Property Tax Administration in Africa: Piloting a Points-Based Valuation in Freetown, Sierra Leone

by Kevin Grieco, Abou Bakarr Kamara, Niccoló F. Meriggi, Julian Michel, Wilson Prichard & Graeme Stewart-Wilson

The current method of property valuation in Freetown, Sierra Leone is highly inaccurate and generally regressive, as it does not take subjective property characteristics that are major determinants of value into account. The newly elected Mayor Yvonne Aki-Sawyerr made revenue mobilisation a central pillar of her ‘Transform Freetown’ agenda. As a means of achieving this,…

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October 2019

What are ‘Tax Expenditures’ and How Big are Energy-Related Tax Expenditures?

by Roel Dom & Neil McCulloch

Tax expenditures occur when a government provides a reduction in a tax obligation such that it collects less tax than it would have otherwise collected. Tax expenditures are an integral, though controversial, part of all contemporary tax systems. This policy briefing first summarises the various ways in which tax expenditures can be defined and measured….

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June 2018

Tax Reform for Low Income Countries: Five Ideas for Simplifying Tax Systems to Fit Local Realities

by Wilson Prichard & Mick Moore

There is no silver bullet to strengthen the tax systems of low-income countries. Dramatic changes in tax systems and tax collection are rare. Successful improvements more often involve a great deal of hard and steady work, and the gradual construction of popular trust and (grudging) support for reform. There remains, however, space for ‘organising ideas’…

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June 2018

What Might an Agenda for Equitable Taxation Look Like?

by Wilson Prichard

The notion of tax equity raises difficult questions. There is no single right definition of the term, and it is very hard to measure precisely the distributional effects of taxation and fiscal activities, especially in low-income countries. This brief seeks to clarify definitions, evidence and points of potential disagreement when it comes to tax equity, and puts forward eight key elements of a potential agenda for equitable taxation.

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May 2018

Linking Beneficial Ownership Transparency to Improved Tax Revenue Collection in Developing Countries

by Wilson Prichard

Recent years have witnessed an accelerating push to expand access to information on the beneficial ownership of corporate entities, in an effort to bring greater transparency to multinational corporation (MNC) tax strategies, identify personal tax-evading wealth held overseas and combat global networks of criminality and corruption. This effort remains in its infancy, but has made…

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