Showing 1 - 7 of 7 blogs
March 2022
Blog
by Ashley Jackson, Florian Weigand, Max Gallien, Tanya Bandula-Irwin & Vanessa van den Boogaard

“The Taliban tax everything. They get money from the vehicles that cross the district or are going from one district to another. They collect tax on the crops of the farmers,”  – a resident of rural Faryab Province, Afghanistan in February 2019. While we commonly associate taxes with the state, in many parts of the…

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November 2021
Blog
by Max Gallien, Mike Rogan & Vanessa van den Boogaard

Many low and middle-income countries face a myriad of challenges. But policies that can address them are few and far between. The challenges include high and rising inequality, budget crises and the ongoing pandemic. In a set of recent outputs, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) presented an approach that they argue can tackle all three…

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October 2021
Blog
by Max Gallien, Soukayna Remmal, Umair Javed & Vanessa van den Boogaard

Zakat can add up to big money. Although estimates vary, some suggest that global annual zakat spending is higher than total annual development assistance. A study conducted in 2014 estimated the potential Zakat distributed in Morocco to be at least 40 billion MAD, or 4.1 billion USD – over three times the annual budget of…

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June 2021
Blog
by Giovanni Occhiali, Max Gallien & Soukayna Remmal

In recent years, the legalisation of cannabis – initially for medical use, and increasingly for recreational use – has become a common policy talking point. But can legalised cannabis production become a new revenue source for low and middle-income countries? Canada and a range of states in the US have made headlines from legalisation initiatives…

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January 2021
Blog
by Max Gallien & Othmane Bourhaba

Informal economies in North Africa have frequently captured public attention in recent years. They not only make up over half of the region’s labour force and a substantive part of its GDP, but often put workers into unsafe environments or in conflict with authorities. While Mohamed Bouazizi’s self-immolation is surely the most famous example, deaths and…

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April 2020
Blog
by Max Gallien & Vanessa van den Boogaard

ICTD Informality and Taxation blog series The ICTD’s Informality and Tax programme seeks to conduct, connect, and support novel research around the relationship between tax and informality. To introduce some of the central areas of research in this area and highlight relevant questions for policymakers and academics alike, we will accompany our work with a…

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April 2020
Blog
by Max Gallien & Vanessa van den Boogaard

As the world grapples with the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic, vulnerable workers in the informal sector in the global south have been hit hard. Their health is disproportionately at risk. As, for example, vendors working in close quarters and heavily reliant on face-to-face interactions or as frontline care-workers in households, the nature of their…

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